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Egyptian Fertility Care Society

    Egyptian Fertility Care Society

    2A, al-Doctor al-Mahrouqui Street

    7th floor, Mohandessin, CairoTel: (202) 344.1573

    (202) 344.1574

    Fax: (202) 346.8782

    Email: [email protected]

    Project Title

    EFCS Planning Study of the Long-term Health Effects of Female

    Circumcision as Practiced in Egypt

    Responsible Technical Officer

    Prof. Ezzeldin Osman Hassan

    January 2004 Activity Report


    Given the increasing medicalization of FC in Egypt as a result

    of increased public advocacy efforts and awareness raising of the

    immediate hazards of FC, the EFCS has acknowledged the existence

    of a research gap regarding the long-term harmful effects of FC.

    The EFCS has highlighted the need for carrying out research addressing

    unpreventable long-term harmful effects of type I and II of FC,

    the types most prevalent in Egypt. With the support of the Ford

    Foundation, the EFCS has commenced a Feasibility Study for Formulation

    of a Research Project to Document the Unpreventable Long-term Effects

    of Female Circumcision as Practices in Egypt.

    Activities commencing November 1, 2002

    1. a) Completion of Literature Review of FGC Research Involving

    Types I and II Circumcision, by Dr. Enas Gaballa, Lecturer, Department

    of Public Health, Assiut University.

    Dr. Gaballa has composed a comprehensive bibliography on FGC research

    in Egypt and compiled all available literature and information sources

    related to research conducted to date on FGC according to set terms

    of reference. The bibliography also contains references to Arabic

    papers on FC, as well as references to submitted theses on the subject

    of FC in Egypt. Sources were classified under the following major


    Psychosexual Complications

    Medical Complications

    Physiological Complications

    Sexual Complications

    Psychological Complications

    Social Consequences

    To view Dr. Gaballas’s bibliography on the health effects of FC,

    please click here

    b) Assignment of Senior Researcher to Conduct the Critical Review

    of the Literature.

    Dr. Maha El Rabbat, Assistant Professor of Public Health, Faculty

    of Medicine, Cairo University, carried out a literature review on

    all research carried to date involving Types I and II of FGC, with

    specific terms of reference. These were later circulated during

    the Research Workshop in March 2003.

    2. Production of the Background Document

    Titled A Critical Review of Studies Investigating The Adverse Effects

    of Female Genital Cutting (FGC) with Particular Reference to Types

    I and II Practiced in Egypt, prepared by Dr. Maha El-Rabbat. The

    document will be circulated on a wide level at the term of the project.

    3. Holding Project Planning/Steering Committee Meetings

    Two meetings were held during the reporting period for the purpose

    of planning and review of project activities.

    4. Holding of Orientation Meeting / Researchers Workshop

    A researchers workshop focusing on The Long-term Effects of Female

    Circumcision as Practiced in Egypt was held on March 27-29, 2003,

    bringing together 43 international and Egyptian researchers in the

    field of reproductive health research who deliberated the workshop

    topic and advised EFCS on important issues in the planning of future

    FGC research. Three topics were selected for inclusion in the EFCS

    planned programme of research. The three themes are

    a. Relation of FGC to the Social, Psychological and Psychosexual

    Well-Being of the Egyptian Woman.

    b. Perception of the FGC Experience and its Impact on the Physical,

    Psychological and Psychosexual Well-being of Young Egyptian Females.

    c. Reproductive Tract Infections in Relation to FGC.

    The EFCS is currently preparing the research protocols and data

    collection tools of the planned FGC program of research for the

    pilot phase of the project.

    5. Assignment of ad-hoc committees and working groups.

    Three Expert Committees ensured the presence of the expertise needed

    for research design and development of data collection tools to

    be used in the three components of the planned EGCS program of research.

    Weekly meetings are held at EFCS offices on alternative days, with

    library and secretarial support services facilitated by EFCS project


    6. Holding bi-monthly review meetings for ad-hoc committee leaders.

    Weekly meetings have taken place for the three working groups on

    alternating days, addressing specified terms of reference.

    For more information and updates on project,

    please contact

    Dr. Naglaa El Nagal, Program Officer for Research

    [email protected]